Abu Simbel Temples the Article of Your Dreams
Updated: Aug 12, 2019
The Abu Simbel temples are two massive cradle temples at Abu Simbel (Arabic: أبو سمبل), a settlement in Nubia, southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan. They are situated on the western bank of Lake Nasser, about 230 km southwest of Aswan (about 300 km by street). The complex is part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the "Nubian Monuments", which run from Abu Simbel downriver to Philae (intimately Aswan). The rob temples were primarily carved out of the mountainside in the 13th century BC, during the 19th dynasty reign of the Pharaoh Ramesses II. They serve as a lasting monument to the king and his queen Nefertari, and commemorate his victory at the Battle of Kadesh. Their excessive visible rock relief figures have come iconic.
Built in 1244 B.C., Abu Simbel contains two temples, carved into a mountainside. The larger of the two temples contains four colossal statues of a seated pharaoh Ramesses II (1303-1213 B.C.) at its ingress, each nearly 69 feet (21 verse) tall. The entranceway to the church was build in such a way that on two days of the year, October 22 and February 22, sunshine shines into the inner refuge and lights up three statues seated on a bench, including one of the pharaoh. Historians think these misdate mark his coronation and birth. Thousands of tourists typically flock to the temples to sentry the phenomenon and participating in the celebrations.
In the 1960's CE, the Egyptian government planned to construct the Aswan High Dam on the Nile which would have submerged both temples (and also surrounding structures such as the Temple of Philae). Between 1964 and 1968 CE, a heavy undertaking was carried out in which both temples were dismantled and moved 213 feet (65 metres) up onto the plateau of the cliffs they once sat below and re-built 690 feet (210 metres) to the northward-west of their original location. This initiative was spearheaded by UNESCO, with a multi-public team of archaeologists, at a cost of over 40 million US dollars. Great care was taken to orient both temples in accurately the same direction as before and a man-made mountain was erected to give the impression of the temples hew into the rock cliff. According to Oakes and Gahlin:
Before the work began, a coffer dam had to be built to protect the temples from the fast rising water. Then the temples were sawn into blocks, taking care that the cuts were made where they would be least famous when reassembled. The interior walls and ceilings were suspended from a assist framework of reinforced particular. When the temples were reassembled, the joins were made commendable by a mortar of cement and worth pluck. This was done so discreetly that now it is impossible to see where the append were made. Both temples now stand within an assumed mountain made of brash and rock, supported by two desolate domes of reinforced béton. .
The plan of the Small Temple is a artless imitation of the Great Temple. The hypostyle vestibule or pronaos is verify by six columns. They show scenes with the reginal playing the sinistrum (an apparatus inviolable to the diet Hathor), together with the gods Horus, Khnum, Khonsu, and Thoth, and the goddesses Hathor, Isis, Maat, Mut of Asher, Satis and Taweret. In one display Ramesses is propitious flowers or vehement heat. The capitals of the column have the air of the diet Hathor; given as a Hathoric cippus. The bas-reliefs in the entry show Ramesses graceful a Jehovah. There are scenes of the prince (with his rib) disappoint his enemies. Another view reveals the queen construction offerings to the diet Hathor and Mut. Three large doors frank into another rank. On the south and the north fortify of this post there are scenes of the prince and his feme benefaction papyrus settle to Hathor. Hathor is shown as a intimidate on a sail voyaging through papyri plants. On the westward canaut, Ramesses II and Nefertari are shown poem offerings to god Horus and the gods of the Cataracts — Satis, Anubis and Khnum. This Seat guidance to the sanctuary and two side post.
Abu Simbel . (1970). Retrieved on October 20, 2018, from https://www.ancient.eu/Abu_Simbel/.
Abu Simbel temples . (1970). Retrieved on October 20, 2018, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abu_Simbel_temples.
Abu Simbel: The Temples That Moved. (1970). Retrieved on October 20, 2018, from https://www.livescience.com/37360-abu-simbel.html.
Abu Simble Sunshine festival