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About Egypt

Updated: Aug 11, 2019



Egypt, a country linking northeast Africa with the Middle East, dates to the time of the pharaohs. Millennia-old monuments sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including Giza's colossal Pyramids and Great Sphinx as well as Luxor's hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs. The capital, Cairo, is home to Ottoman landmarks like Muhammad Ali Mosque and the Egyptian Museum, a trove of antiquities.

Capital: Cairo

Capital and largest city: Cairo;

President: Abdel Fattah el-Sisi

Egypt, commonly known as (The Motherland of the World), (Land of Civilizations) and (The Greatest Power in Human History), is reputed worldwide for its distinct 7,000-year-old record of civilization and immense wealth of knowledge.This has made Egypt a master and pioneer of science, arts, culture, architecture as well as almost all fields of human knowledge.Amongst all civilizations and nations, Egypt has always maintained a unique position. Historically, Egypt is universally acknowledged as the world's most ancient state with a unified societal entity within its current geographical borders.

Through this area there runs the River Nile starting from the Great Lakes in the heart of Africa, through northern Sudan where the Ethiopian tributaries collecting rain water flows into its main course.

Running past the cataract area south of Aswan, it calms down, flowing smoothly down to its mouth on the Mediterranean Sea.

Egypt is 50 feet below sea level. Some important cities, towns, and places in Egypt are Cairo (the capital), Giza, Memphis, Thebes, Alexandria, Suez Canal, Abu Simbel, Sinai Peninsula, and Rosetta.

The highest point is Catharine Mountain that is 8,668 feet high. The lowest point is Qattara Depression and is 436 feet below sea level.

The Nile Delta is the only delta in Egypt and is 100 miles long and 155 miles wide. It is in the shape of a triangle. There are 5 important oases in Egypt and they are all located in the Libyan Desert. They are the Farafrah, Bahriah, Dakhla, Kharijah, and the Siwah oases.The area of Egypt is 386, 662 square miles. The distances from east to west are 770 miles and from north to south it is 675 miles.

There are no forests in but there are date palms and citrus groves. Papyrus plants grow only near the Nile.


Bibliography

Egypt . (1970). Retrieved on October 20, 2018, from https://wikitravel.org/en/Egypt.

Egypt. (1970). Retrieved on October 20, 2018, from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/eg.html.

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